High School Physics


Plasticity (in Physics) fundamentals

Plasticity is the ability of a solid material to undergo permanent deformation, a non-reversible change of shape in response to applied forces. This means that once the force is removed, the material will not return to its original shape. Plasticity is a key property of many metals, polymers, and other materials, and it is essential […]

Types of Stress in Physics

A solid may change its dimensions in 3 different ways, resulting in 3 types of stress (1) Longitudinal stress (Tensile and Compressive stress) (2) Tangential or Shearing Stress, and (3) Hydraulic stress.

Elastic Property of Matter – some definitions

In this post, we will present some important definitions related to the Elastic property of matter (from the Elasticity chapter). definitions related to the Elastic property of matter (or Elasticity chapter) (1) Elasticity: The property of matter by virtue of which a body tends to regain its original shape and size after the removal of […]

Elastomer & Elasticity

While studying the Elasticity chapter in Physics, you might have come across the term Elastomer. In this post, we will briefly discuss it. Any rubbery material composed of long chainlike molecules, or polymers, that are capable of recovering their original shape after being stretched to great extents is named Elastomer, and this naming is done […]

Young’s Modulus values of some Common Materials

In this post, Young’s Modulus values of some Common Materials are listed in a tabular form (figure 1) for reference. But before that, we have put a list of Young’s Modulus values we often need while solving worksheets or MCQs for class 11 & 12 physics (Elasticity chapter). Note: Please note that these values are […]

Dimensional formula of Modulus of elasticity – how to find it?

Here, we will find out the dimensional formula of the Modulus of elasticity. This Dimensional formula will be applicable for 3 different sets of elasticity modulus: These are (a) Young’s Modulus (2) Shear Modulus (3) Bulk modulus The Modulus of Elasticity is the ratio of Stress and Strain. The formula of Modulus of Elasticity = […]

Force constant k when Springs are in series and parallel

In this post, we will find more about spring constant or Force constant k and how to find out its value when Springs are in series and parallel. Spring constant or force constant k In Hooke’s law, we find a constant k which is known as force constant or stiffness constant. Robert Hooke discovered that […]

Hooke’s Law Equation – 3 different formulas

Often we find more than one expression or formula of Hooke’s law. Here we will find out those forms of Hooke’s Law Equation at the same place and discuss their uses and relevance. We have a very useful post on different types of stress, strain, and elasticity modulus, that you can go through along with this post.

Calculating the Energy stored in a deformed material

Here, we will see how the Load-extension graph of a body can help us to calculate the energy stored in a deformed material. We will take two Load-extension graphs for this. Energy stored in a deformed material that obeys Hooke’s law The first load-extension graph (figure 1a) belongs to a body that obeys Hooke’s law, […]

Numericals on Young modulus

Let’s solve numerical problems based on the Young modulus formula. First, we will go through the formula of Young modulus and then we will use this to solve a few selected numerical problems. Young modulus Formula Young’s Modulus is the ratio of Longitudinal Stress and Longitudinal Strain. If it’s designated with Y then: Y = Longitudinal […]

Shape change by Forces & stretching a spring

Let’s discuss the application of forces to change the shape of an object and the concept of elasticity related to this shape change. We will cover the stretching of spring as a case study. If one force only is applied to an object then the object will change speed or direction. If we want to […]

Renewable Energy Resources & Electricity Generation

Renewable Energy Resources are sources of energy that will never run out. Sources of renewable energy include solar, biofuels, wind, hydroelectric, tidal, wave, and geothermal. Renewable energy resources contribute far less to climate change than fossil fuels and hence these energy resources are becoming more widely used. Types of Renewable Energy Resources Renewable Energy Sources […]

Stress-Strain Graph & stress-strain analysis

In this post, we will discuss how to interpret a Stress-Strain Graph to do a stress-strain analysis of a material. The definition of the Young modulus states that the stress should be proportional to the strain if the material is deformed elastically. As per this understanding, we should get a straight-line graph if we plot […]

Derive an expression for the potential energy of elastic stretched spring

Here we will obtain or derive an expression for the potential energy stored in the spring, also known as the elastic potential energy. To get this equation, we’ll calculate the work done to stretch or compress a spring that obeys Hooke’s law. Hooke’s law states that the magnitude of force F on the spring and the resulting deformation ΔL are proportional, F = kΔL, where k is a constant. We, therefore, derive the equation of the potential energy of a spring, also known as the elastic potential energy as follows: PE=(1/2)kx2 where k is the spring’s force constant and x is the displacement from its undeformed position.elastic potential energy represents the work done on the spring and the energy stored in it as a result of stretching or compressing it a distance x . The potential energy of the spring PEs does not depend on the path taken; it depends only on the stretch or squeeze x in the final configuration.

Mechanical properties of solids – Class 11 Notes

In this post, we will study the Mechanical properties of solids Class 11 Notes and gradually cover Hooke’s Law and the Modulus of Elasticity. On the way, we will learn two more terms: stress and strain. Finally, we will cover (a) Young’s Modulus (2) Shear Modulus (3) Bulk modulus. So let’s start.

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