In this post, we will see how to determine the acceleration from a displacement-time graph.

The gradient of a displacement-time graph shows velocity. Acceleration is the rate of change of velocity, so **on a displacement-time graph, acceleration is the rate of change of the gradient.**

A graph of displacement against time for an **accelerating object** always produces a curve.

## Acceleration & the rate of change of the gradient on displacement-time graph

If the object is accelerating at a uniform rate, then the **rate of change of the gradient will be constant**.

Acceleration is shown by a curve with an increasing gradient.

Deceleration is shown by a curve with a decreasing gradient.

Note **the effect of changing the acceleration on the gradient of a displacement-time graph **in the following figures.

When the acceleration is bigger, the **displacement-time graph** is tighter, because the rate of change of gradient is higher.

When the acceleration is smaller, the **displacement-time graph** is less tight, because the rate of change of gradient is lower.

For deceleration or retardation, the **displacement-time graph**, the line has a decreasing gradient & curves the other way.

Note that in the case of deceleration, the moving object in question must have been already moving at t = 0. Otherwise, its displacement would be negative.