High School Physics

Speed of sound in different media at 25 degree Celsius

Last updated on November 9th, 2023 at 03:18 pm

Sound travels at a speed that is much less than the speed of light.

The speed of sound depends on the properties of the medium through which it travels. The speed of sound in a medium depends on the temperature of the medium. [ see more: how speed of sound changes with temperature change]

  • The speed of sound decreases when we go from a solid to a gaseous state.
    In any medium as we increase the temperature, the speed of sound increases.
  • For example, the speed of sound in air is 331 m/s at 0 oC and 344 m/s at 22 oC.

The speeds of sound at a particular temperature in various media are listed in Table 1.

StateSubstanceSpeed (m/s)
SolidsAluminium 6420
Nickel 6040
Steel 5960
Iron 5950
Brass 4700
Glass (Flint)3980
LiquidsWater (Sea) 1531
Water (distilled) 1498
Ethanol 1207
Methanol 1103
GasesHydrogen 1284
Helium 965
Air 346
Oxygen 316
Sulphur dioxide 213
See also  Derive the Equation of the speed of sound
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