Last updated on April 14th, 2021 at 01:55 pm

Acceleration due to gravity of a body is independent of its mass – let’s show it mathematically.

We will consider a body of mass m on the surface of the earth. Let M be the mass of the earth and R be the distance between the body and the centre of the earth (when the radius of the earth is R). Let g be the acceleration due to gravity. And say, F is the force acting on the body.

According to Newton’s second law of motion,

F = mg …………………………..(1)

And, According to Newton’s Law of Gravitation,

F = ** GMm/R^{2}** ……………………(2)

From (1) and (2),

mg = *GMm/*R^{2}

=> g = ** GM/R^{2}** ………………….(3)

From equation (3) we can see that the expression of g doesn’t have any mention of m (mass of the body).

Thus, It’s clear that, Acceleration due to gravity g of a body is independent of its mass.