Last updated on November 3rd, 2023 at 11:22 am
In this post, we will solve Numerical problems based on the Sound chapter of class 8 science. Here, first, we will go through the required formulas & other related equations, and then attempt the numerical questions. Solution & answer is given for all the numerical questions.
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Frequency = 1 / Time Period
f = 1/T
Time Period = 1/frequency
T = 1/f
Distance traveled by a sound wave = speed of sound x time duration
Frequency = number of oscillations per second
Time period = time required for a single oscillation
The frequency is measured in Hertz. If one cycle is completed in one second, the frequency is said to be 1 Hz. For example, say, a tuning fork has a frequency of 512 Hz. It means that the fork vibrates 512 times per second. These vibrations will set 512 cycles of compression and rarefaction in the air, per second. Thus, the sound generated by the fork will have a frequency of 512 Hz.
Sound Class 8 Numerical Questions and Answers [solved]
Example 1. An object is vibrating at 50 hertz. What is its time period?
If an object is vibrating at 50 hertz
50 = 1/T
=> T = 1/50 = 0.02 sec
Its time period will be 0.02 sec.
Example 2. 1 hertz is equal to how many vibrations per minute?
1 Hz= 1 vibration/second
1 minute=60 seconds,
hence 1 hertz = 60 vibrations /minute
Example 3: Lightning can be seen the moment it occurs. Paheli observes lightning in her area. She hears the sound 5 s after she observed lightning. How far is she from the place where lightning occurs? (speed of sound =330 m/s).
Distance=330 m/s x 5s
Example 4: A simple pendulum makes 10 oscillations in 20 seconds. What is the time period and frequency of its oscillation?
Time period = time required for one oscillation =20/10 s = 2 s
frequency = 1/Time Period = 1/2 = 0.5 oscillations/sec = 0.5 Hz
Sound Numerical (Extra questions)
5 ] If the frequency of a tuning fork is 512 Hz, then how many times it vibrates in 5 seconds?
Frequency = 512 Hz.
This means the tuning fork vibrates 512 times in 1 second.
So, in 5 seconds, it will vibrate = 5×512 times = 2560 times.
6 ] If the frequency of a tuning fork is 512 Hz, then how many cycles of compression and rarefaction will happen in the air per second?
Number of cycles of compression and rarefaction in the air per second = frequency
So. in this case, per second 512 cycles of compression and rarefaction in the air will happen.
7 ] The total number of compressions and rarefactions produced per second in a sound wave is 1000. Find the frequency of the sound wave.
The total number of compressions and rarefactions produced per second in a sound wave = 1000
=> The number of compressions produced per second = The number of rarefactions produced per second = 1000/2 =500
Hence, the number of cycles of compression and rarefaction in the air per second =500 [each cycle consists of 1 compression and 1 rarefaction]
We know that, the number of cycles of compression and rarefaction in the air per second = frequency
Therefore, the frequency of the sound wave = 500 Hz.