# High School Physics – Online Learning

High School Physics for K12, ICSE, CBSE, ISC, IGCSE, GCSE, AP – free Online Physics Learning & Reading. At present we broadly cover the following physics chapters & topics:

## Physics Notes Categories (chapter-wise)

The links below take you to chapter-wise notes & topics pages. These hubs or pages contain links to numerous related posts and class notes for your reference.
(for K12, ICSE, CBSE, ISC, IGCSE, GCSE, AP, SAT, NEET, JEE, WBJEE)

[wptb id=8838]

We also cover the following:

Chemistry – All new posts covering the high school chemistry syllabus

Digital Electronics (for Electronics Engineering students)

Java Programming (sample programs in Java)

Microprocessor, microcontroller, and related topics

Biology

## Special Study Guides & Syllabus – selected for this week

Here is a list of selected notes.

How to study Physics (class 11) – study guide

How to Solve Problems in Physics

Physics Numericals – huge collection of solution

MCQ | Worksheets (Physics etc) – class 11 & 12

Vectors class 11 Physics revision notes

Gravitation – Class 11 Physics Revision Notes

Fluid Dynamics Class Notes for class 11 (includes viscosity)

Surface Tension for class 11

Electrostatics Notes – for class 12 (huge collection)

Magnetism | Electromagnetism – class 12 notes

CBSE Class 11 Physics (Theory) – syllabus for 2021-22

## Recent Posts

Our posts include the following broad categories – Online Physics Tutorials | Class Notes | numerical problems & worksheets | Physics Blog Posts | Chemistry tutorials | Process Control | Electronics – analog, digital, microprocessor |

#### Conduction of Heat – study notes

Conduction is a mode of transmission of heat where heat flows from the hot end to the cold end and particles of the medium simply oscillate but do not leave their place. Conduction of Heat has the following characteristics: Medium is necessary for conduction.It is ...

#### Kirchhoff’s Voltage law, KVL – statement, formula, example, sign convention

In this post, we will discuss Kirchhoff’s second law, or Kirchhoff's Voltage Law (also known as KVL, Kirchoff's Loop Rule, or Kirchoff's Loop law) with an example or case study and also write equations for this example. Kirchhoff devised this second law which is based ...

#### Heating effect of electric current class 10 – formulas & Numerical

In this post, we will discuss the Heating effect of electric current (class 10) and list down the Heating Effect formulas or Equations of electric power and energy. And, then we will solve a bunch of numerical problems as well using these formulas. Heating effect ...

#### Numerical problems based on the efficiency of machines

In this post, we will first find out what the efficiency of a machine means, and then we will solve numerical problems using the concept and formula of the efficiency of machines. If a machine, such as an electric motor, is used to raise a ...

#### Potential Energy Diagrams of different types

In this post, we will draw different types of Potential Energy Diagrams. Each of these diagrams is based on a specific equation of potential energy. For elementary courses and the College Board exams, the most important types of potential energy are gravitational potential energy and ...

#### Atwood machine when pulley has a non-zero mass

In this post, we will analyze one Atwood machine when its pulley has a non-zero mass. As a result this pulley has a nonzero moment of inertia. when pulley has a non-zero mass and nonzero moment of inertia We will discuss the operation of an ...

#### Center of Mass of a system and its velocity – definition & equation

In this post, we will discuss the Center of Mass and its Momentum & velocity. Center of mass - for a single object & for collection of masses The center of mass (CM) is closely related to the concept of momentum. In most of the ...

#### Various forms of energy

Energy is defined as the capacity to do work. The various forms of energy can be classified as:• Mechanical (kinetic and potential)• Heat• Radiant (electromagnetic)• Chemical (potential)• Sound• Electrical/magnetic• Nuclear In the following sections, we will discuss each of the above-mentioned forms of energy. Mechanical ...

#### The force vectors on an aeroplane in steady flight & numerical

In this post, we will study a probable set of force vectors on an aeroplane in steady flight. The forces acting on an aeroplane (airplane) are shown in Figure 1. figure 1: The force vectors on an aeroplane in steady flight force vectors on an ...

#### MCQ worksheet on Laws of Motion & different types of force (for grade 9 or class 9)

This post presents an MCQ worksheet with multiple choice questions taken from the chapters (a) Laws of motion & (b) Force of different types. This is useful for Class (grade) 9 and 10 students of different boards like CBSE, ICSE, IGCSE, etc. Laws of Motion ...

#### Design steps of 4-bit asynchronous up counter using J-K flip-flop

In this post, we will discuss the Design steps of the 4-bit asynchronous up counter using J-K flip-flops. In a binary counter, if flip-flops do not change states in exact synchronism with the applied clock pulses then the counter is called asynchronous binary counter. In ...

#### Rolling along an inclined plane or ramp – a study of the combined rotation and translation of a cylinder

The topic of this post is Rolling along an inclined plane or ramp and here we will do a will study of the combined rotation and translation of a cylinder along a ramp. a study of the combined rotation and translation of a cylinder | ...

#### Numerical problem on Rotational Kinetic Energy

In this post, we will review the formula of Rotational Kinetic Energy and then solve numerical problems based on Rotational Kinetic Energy. Rotational Kinetic Energy formula from the linear kinetic energy formula The equation for linear kinetic energy = KEL = (1/2) m v2 Let's ...

#### Deriving the equation of Centripetal acceleration (using trigonometry)

In this post, we will derive the equation of centripetal acceleration using trigonometry. In a different post, we have done the derivation of the equation of centripetal acceleration using differential calculus. How to derive the equation of Centripetal acceleration (using trigonometry) figure 1: derivation of ...

#### Design steps of 4-bit (MOD-16) synchronous up counter using J-K flip-flop

In this post, we will discuss the Design steps of the 4-bit (MOD-16) synchronous up counter using the J-K flip-flop. We will start off by answering a few related questions first. What is synchronous counter? In a synchronous counter, the clock input terminals of all ...

#### Latches and flip-flops & their difference

This post covers Latches and Flip-flops with a set of questions and answers. The topics discussed will help to understand the concepts related to latches and flip-flops, and the difference between latches and flip-flops. Flip-flop - definition Flip-flops are synchronous bi-stable devices, also known as ...

#### Flip-flop Types, Logic symbols, Truth Table & Applications – study notes

The basic building block for sequential logic circuits is the flip-flop. Logic circuits are classified into two groups. One is combination logic circuits using AND, OR, and NOT gates. The other group of circuits is classified as sequential logic circuits. Sequential circuits involve timing and ...

#### Numerical problem on rotational work | Numerical on work done by the torque

In this post, we will find the equation of the work done by Torque. (In other words, we will work with the equation of rotational work.) Then we solve a few numerical problems using this formula of rotational work. Equation of the work done by ...

#### Moments of Inertia – formulas & sample numerical

In this post, we will focus on the formulas of the moment of inertia and also will solve a few interesting sample numerical problems using the moment of inertia formulas. Moments of Inertia - concepts & definition The torque equation gives us: τ =mr2α ...

#### Clocked S-R flip-flop & Clocked D Flip-Flop

In this post, we will study the Clocked S-R flip-flop & Clocked D Flip-Flop. S-R flip-flop is also called R-S flip-flop. We have used both the terms here. Clocked S-R flip-flop The RS flip flop is considered one of the most basic sequential logic circuits ...

#### MOD-6 (Modulus-6) ripple counter – study & revision notes

In this post, we present a detailed write-up on MOD-6 (Modulus-6) ripple counter (study & revision notes). We know that n-bit asynchronous counters can count N = 2n clock pulses, Where n = Number of Flip Flops. For example, a 3-bit counter has 8 different ...

#### Excess pressure & Angle of contact (from surface tension chapter) – MCQ worksheets

In this post, we are presenting a few sets of MCQ worksheets with questions on Excess pressure & Angle of contact (both from the Surface Tension chapter of Physics). You can also try our MCQ worksheet on Surface tension concepts and surface energy. Excess pressure ...

#### Surface Tension & Surface Energy – MCQ worksheets

In this post, we are presenting a few sets of MCQ worksheets with questions from the Surface Tension chapter of Physics. These sets include questions on Cohesive force and adhesive force, surface tension, and surface energy. And here is the link to the next part ...

#### Propagation Delay in Ripple Counters: Study notes & Numerical problem

In this post, we will study the Propagation Delay in Ripple Counters. We will also solve a sample Numerical problem to illustrate the effect of propagation delays in a 4-bit asynchronous binary counter. Propagation Delay in Ripple Counters - explained Ripple counters are the simplest ...

#### Activation energy & chemical Reaction – chemistry Study notes

Activation energy is the minimum energy required to start a chemical reaction. The colliding particles must possess at least this amount of energy for a reaction to take place. Most of the reactions are exothermic but only a few are totally spontaneous and begin without ...

#### Asynchronous inputs of the flip-flop – Preset & Clear

In this post, we will know about Asynchronous inputs (or Preset & Clear inputs) of the flip-flop sequential circuit. Asynchronous input versus Synchronous input of flip-flop For the clocked flip-flops, the S, R, J, K, D, and T inputs are normally referred to as control ...

#### Race Around Condition in J-K Flip-Flop

In this post on J-K Flip-Flop, we will study the Race Around Condition in a clocked (level-triggered) JK flip-flop. But before that, we will study the Logic symbol, truth table, operation of Positive-edge triggered J-K flip-flop and the J-K Excitation Table or J-K Transition Table ...

#### Physics Sample Question Paper for Term 1 (CBSE Board exam for 2021-22) – paper code 042

This is a sample question paper of Physics for class 12 CBSE Board examination, Term 1 (year 2021 - 22, paper code 042). This is equally good for ISC students. Sample Question Paper for Physics Term 1, CBSE Board exam 2021-22 (paper code 042) & ...

#### How static electricity is used in Laser Printer?

Laser printers use static electricity to print documents. Let's see how it is done. Inside the printer, an object called the image drum is given a positive charge. A laser is then shone onto the drum. This creates a negative charge on parts of the ...

#### Asynchronous modulus counter

This post covers the Asynchronous modulus counter with the help of a set of frequently asked questions (FAQs) and answers. What does it mean by the term modulus of a counter? The modulus of a counter is the number of unique states through which the ...

#### Asynchronous Decade Counters, method of partial decoding & glitch

In this post, we will discuss Asynchronous Decade Counters. To start with we will briefly see what an asynchronous counter is and then we will find what a decade counter is. In a binary counter, if flip-flops do not change states in exact synchronism with ...

#### Angular Momentum, moment of inertia & Rotational motion

In this post, we will discuss a couple of interesting questions related to Angular Momentum, Torque, moment of inertia & Rotational motion. How does angular momentum work in rotational motion? The angular momentum of a rotating object is equal to the product of its moment ...

#### Modulus-M (MOD-M) asynchronous counter – Study and revision notes

In this post, we will discuss the modulus-M (MOD-M) asynchronous counter and its design procedure. What is a modulus-M (MOD-M) counter? A modulus-M counter is a counter where M represents the number of states present in the counter. Here M <= 2n , where ‘n’ ...

#### J-K flip-flop – operation, truth table, excitation table

In this post, we cover J-K flip-flop and its operation, truth table, excitation table. This post will help students to prepare for the semester & GATE examination. Explain the operation of the J-K flip-flop with its truth table. This basic operation of a positive edge-triggered ...

#### Numerical problems on asynchronous counter & synchronous counter

This post presents a bunch of numerical problems on the asynchronous counter (or ripple counter) & synchronous counter. You will get solutions to the problems as well. Students preparing for B.E./B.Tech semester examinations and GATE will find this post and the numerical problems useful. Problem ... This High School Physics BLOG is founded by Anupam M with a few aims like providing (1) content for online physics learning, (2) online physics free reading material (3) online physics High School Course notes (4) online physics lab course material (5) Online physics help in different formats (6) publishing online physics calculator & (7) online physics simulator, etc. to assist students in mastering the basics or the fundamentals by publishing quality content.

And we have come across a few miles, and we have many miles to go.

Students of different boards like ICSE, CBSE, IGCSE, GCSE, State Boards, etc. are our readers. Persons who are preparing for AP physics & other competitive examinations like UPSC, IIT JEE, and NEET are also our regular readers.

The posts published here have been successful so far to clarify confusion in young minds.

This blog is crafted to help the readers to build a foundation for different examinations like JEE, NEET, SAT, and AP Physics. It also focuses minutely on Class 8 to 10, and class 11 and class 12 Syllabus for different boards like ICSE, CBSE, ISC, GCSE, IGCSE State, etc, specifically for Physics.

This may be equally efficient for the global K12 Physics syllabusThis BLOG is to some extent like an online physics tutor providing online physics coaching and physics notes, through regular blog posts on various topics, helping students in mastering physics fundamentals.