High School Physics for K12, ICSE, CBSE, ISC, IGCSE, GCSE, AP – free Online Physics Learning & Reading. At present we broadly cover the following physics chapters & topics:
Physics Notes Categories (chapter-wise)
The links below take you to chapter-wise notes & topics pages. These hubs or pages contain links to numerous related posts and class notes for your reference. (for K12, ICSE, CBSE, ISC, IGCSE, GCSE, AP, SAT, NEET, JEE, WBJEE)
This post presents a list of facts and formulas from the Fluid flow chapter of class 11 (grade 11) physics. formulas from the Fluid flow chapter of class 11 1 ) Pressure is the force per unit area exerted by a fluid on its surroundings: ... Continue Reading
In this post, we will discuss how the North pole and the South pole of a magnet attract the paper clips equally. When the magnet is brought close to the paper clip, the paper clip becomes a temporary magnet. The paper clip pole nearest the ... Continue Reading
In this post, we will briefly discuss (1) how refrigerators work, & (2) How Air conditioners work. Work and Heat flow diagram of refrigerator and air-conditioner is also presented here. How do Refrigerators work - in brief Here are the steps followed in a refrigerator ... Continue Reading
In this post, we will discuss the concepts of the Carnot engine. We will also cover subtopics like Assumptions made for the Carnot engine, the existence of the Carnot engine(if possible?), Laws of Thermodynamics & the Carnot Engine, Efficiency & temperature, etc. During the early ... Continue Reading
What is the third law of thermodynamics?The third law of thermodynamics states that absolute zero, the lowest possible temperature, can never be reached. The entropy of a system is zero at absolute zero. A procedure can remove a portion of the entropy, but not all ... Continue Reading
In this post, we will discuss how we can consider Entropy as Probability. We have already covered entropy (disorder) when we discussed the 2nd law of Thermodynamics. There is a statistical explanation of entropy that says that the most disorder state is the most probable ... Continue Reading
Here, we will find out the formula of the force that acts between parallel currents. Force Between Parallel Currents - deriving the formula Consider two long wires kept parallel to each other such that the separation d between them is quite small as compared to ... Continue Reading
This post talks of an important topic of the Thermodynamics chapter of Physics. We talk here about Heat Engines, their definition, examples of heat engines, internal combustion engines, internal combustion process, formulas and diagrams of heat engine, efficiency formulas of heat engines, etc. Heat Engine ... Continue Reading
In this post, we will discuss and list down different examples of static electricity in everyday life. Also, we will find how sticking a balloon to the wall is caused by static electricity. Examples of static electricity in everyday life Examples of static electricity in ... Continue Reading
This post presents you with 9 sets of selected MCQ with answers on the Gravitation chapter of class 11 physics (for CBSE, and ISC boards). This will be helpful to prepare for the class-11 (term-1) Physics paper and other competitive examinations. Gravitation MCQ - class ... Continue Reading
To understand the Second Law of Thermodynamics it's essential to understand the concept of Entropy. Once we get an idea of entropy with an example, we will discuss 3 different forms or statements of the 2nd law of thermodynamics. [Readers also viewed these: zeroth law ... Continue Reading
In this post, we will discuss how the P-V diagram can help us to calculate the work done by a system or on a system. We will derive the equation of work done in terms of pressure and volume. We will solve a few numerical ... Continue Reading
We often need to relate the linear variables s, v, and a for a particular point in a rotating body to the angular variables θ, ω, and α for that body. The two sets of variables are related by r, the perpendicular distance of the ... Continue Reading
Here we will see how Gravitational Field Strength is related to Gravitational Acceleration. To determine how gravitational field strength is related to gravitational acceleration, we will use the definition of a newton, 1 N = 1 kg.m/s2. Then we will substitute kilogram-meters per second squared ... Continue Reading
In this post, we will discuss three types of pulleys, and how they operate, and how they differ in their operation and utilities. The types we will discuss are (1) Fixed Pulleys, (2) Movable Pulleys, (3) the Block and Tackle. Fixed Pulleys A fixed pulley, ... Continue Reading
In this post, we will study a few examples of Inelastic collisions. Also, we will study an important practical use of Inelastic collisions. When objects stick together or are joined together, they are said to be coupled. In a collision where the objects become coupled, ... Continue Reading
In this post, we will briefly mention the equations valid for elastic collisions. We can use these equations to solve numerical problems related to elastic collisions. The Equation for the conservation of momentum (for elastic collision) Now, to solve problems involving one-dimensional elastic collisions between ... Continue Reading
An explosion can be thought of as a single object separating into two or more fragments. In this post, we will see if the law of conservation of momentum is maintained during an explosion. We will solve related numerical problems as well. Some familiar examples ... Continue Reading
The position of the center of mass of a body affects whether or not it topples over easily. This is important in the design of such things as tall vehicles (which tend to overturn when rounding a corner), racing cars, reading lamps, and even drinking ... Continue Reading
In this post, we will see how to find the centre of mass using a plumb line. Suppose we have to find the centre of mass of an irregularly shaped lamina (a thin sheet) of cardboard. figure 1: Locating the Centre of mass using a ... Continue Reading
In this post, we will provide you the links to our posts covering dimensional formulas and dimensions. You will find the formula of the physical quantity, and in a step-by-step fashion, we will show you how to derive the dimensional formula of that quantity. Here ... Continue Reading
In this post, we will see how to derive the Formula of Electric Potential Difference from the concept of energy difference in an electric field. We will derive 2 equations of Electric Potential Difference. In the example below a sample, positive charge +q is moved ... Continue Reading
In this post, we will see how a charge gains or loses Electric potential energy when it moves around in an electric field. We will also derive the equation of the change in the electric potential energy of a charge in an electric field. Also, ... Continue Reading
In this post, we have compiled a bunch of interesting numerical problems on Resistivity and Conductivity. These are Solved numerical problems (Worked Solutions). Resistivity and Conductivity numerical problems (solved worksheet) 1 ) Gold has a conductivity of 45 MS m−1. What is the resistance of ... Continue Reading
An object moving in a straight line (having linear momentum) can have angular momentum. For example, let’s say we throw a ball at one end of a stick (see Figure 1). The stick can pivot around point O. When the ball hits the stick, the stick ... Continue Reading
Cohesion refers to the attraction of molecules for other molecules of the same kind, but Adhesion is the attraction of molecules of one kind for molecules of a different kind. In this post, we will learn in detail what exactly Cohesion and Adhesion are, and this will ... Continue Reading
A liter of water has a mass of 1.00 kg, but the same volume of methylated spirits has a mass of only 0.79 kg. We can say that the density of methylated spirits is 0.79 that of water. This is called its relative density (RD) ... Continue Reading
Boolean function implementation using multiplexer - In this post, we will solve a numerical problem based on Multiplexers. We also see how to implement the Boolean function using Multiplexers. Here, we have used 8:1 MUX. Implementation of Boolean expression using Multiplexer 1 ) Problem: An ... Continue Reading
In this post, we will find How to determine the Relative strength & sign of charges from lines of force seen in the drawing or map of the electric field. Strategy to determine Relative strength & sign of charges from the drawing of the electric ... Continue Reading
In this post, we will first go for the definitions, formulas, units, and explanations of Specific Heat Capacity & Heat Capacity. Then we will see how to measure Specific heat capacity. Definition & formula of Heat Capacity or thermal capacity We define the thermal capacity ... Continue Reading
In this post, we will derive (1) the expression of the Electric Field due to a Uniformly Charged Spherical Shell, and (2) the expression of the Electric Field due to a Charged solid sphere. A spherical shell, by definition, is a hollow sphere having an ... Continue Reading
The viscosities of liquids can be compared by observing their rates of flow through a glass tube. A simple device called a Redwood viscometer can be adapted easily for the laboratory. Comparing viscosities using a viscometer A viscometer is shown in Figure 1. Using the ... Continue Reading
A line charge is in the form of a thin charged wire of infinite length with a uniform linear charge density σ (charge per unit length). Let there be a charge +q on the wire. We have to calculate the electric field at a point ... Continue Reading
Let us apply Gauss’ Law to calculate electric field due to a point charge.Draw a spherical surface of radius r with a point charge at the center of the sphere, as shown in Fig. 1 figure 1: Electric field on a spherical surface due to ... Continue Reading
In this post, we will find out what exactly an electric dipole is. We will also define dipole moment and find out the formula of dipole moment. Dipole | Electric Dipole If two equal and opposite charges are separated by a small distance, the system ... Continue Reading
This High School Physics BLOG is founded by Anupam M with a few aims like providing (1) content for online physics learning, (2) online physics free reading material (3) online physics High School Course notes (4) online physics lab course material (5) Online physics help in different formats (6) publishing online physics calculator & (7) online physics simulator, etc. to assist students in mastering the basics or the fundamentals by publishing quality content.
And we have come across a few miles, and we have many miles to go.
Students of different boards like ICSE, CBSE, IGCSE, GCSE, State Boards, etc. are our readers. Persons who are preparing for AP physics & other competitive examinations like UPSC, IIT JEE, and NEET are also our regular readers.
The posts published here have been successful so far to clarify confusion in young minds.
This blog is crafted to help the readers to build a foundation for different examinations like JEE, NEET, SAT, and AP Physics. It also focuses minutely on Class 8 to 10, and class 11 and class 12 Syllabus for different boards like ICSE, CBSE, ISC, GCSE, IGCSE State, etc, specifically for Physics.
This may be equally efficient for the global K12 Physics syllabus. This BLOG is to some extent like an online physics tutor providing online physics coaching and physics notes, through regular blog posts on various topics, helping students in mastering physics fundamentals.