Homologous Chromosome – definition

Diploid individuals have paired chromosomes. For example, in humans, there are 23 pairs of chromosomes totaling 46 chromosomes.

In a diploid individual, each pair of chromosomes represents homologous chromosomes, one chromosome from the father and another from the mother.

In a diploid individual, a gene with 2 alleles, has one in each chromosome of the homologous pair.

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